Providing real Information and accurate service is always strong and powerful. Everyone wants to real not reality, you can not convince anyone of anything. You can only give them the Real Information, so that they convince themselves
To the world of computer technology, government, police and intelligence units, Cyber crime is emerging as serious threat. Cyber Security techniques developed to safeguard information systems stored on computers. Potential threats which is include the destruction of Computer Software and Computer Hardware and the loss, modification, theft, unauthorized use, observation or disclosure of computer data. Cyber security restricted to describing the criminal activity in which the computer or network is a part of crime as fraud, black mail and theft.
Cyber Security protect from theft, corruption or natural disaster while allowing the information and property remain accessible. It helps to understand the cyber security strategy, cyber ecosystem and science of cyber security. Cyber security deals with securing the future- “Securing for tomorrow’s world”.
Many Companies spend million of their dollars on firewalls and secure access devices and it’s money wasted because none of these measures address the weakest link in the security chain.
The block chain is a database of information. This information is not stored in a single place, but across a variety of data servers that participate in the network, this is what is meant by “decentralized” there is no central point. Identities are kept completely private, through the cryptography, however all transactions that happen on the block chain are open to viewing by anyone at any tie for always.
Trust in the block chain is enough to transact with anyone. Every record that’s written on a block chain is secured by a unique cryptographic key, making the block chain and it’s information immutable.
How Does a Block chain Work
A user requests for a transaction
A block representing the transaction is created
The block is broadcast-ed to all the nodes of the network
All the nodes validate the block and the transaction
The block chain is added to the chain
The transaction gets verified and executed
How to create a blockchain transaction?
When 2 parties initiate a transaction, blockchain assigns an encryption
Blockchain verifies the transaction and creates a block
The new block is appended to the blockchain
The blockchain transaction is now complete and the ledger is updated
Database: Block chain is a unique shared database technology. A block chain project must use a structured data repository
Mistrust: Block chain implies multiple non-trusting writers. They don’t allow other users to modify their entries.
Interaction: The block chain transactions often depend on another writer’s transactions created collaboratively without exposing the parties to risks
Writers: Block chain relies on multiple writers who generate transactions modifying the database
Disinter Mediation: No central gatekeeper needed to verify transactions and authenticate their sources
Rules: The database is modified by various non-trusting writers. It must contain integrated rules that restrain the transactions and define legitimate transactions.
7 Ways the blockchain can help the environment
Environmental treaties: Track real impact and compliance of environmental treaties decrease fraud and manipulation
Non-Profits: Track where donations are going decrease inefficiency and bureaucracy in charities
Carbon Tax: Calculate tax for products based on carbon footprint create a reputation system for companies based on emissions
Changing Incentives: Align incentives with sustainable practices create incentives for people to act in sustainable ways
Supply Chains: Transparently track products from origin to store shelf reduce carbon footprint and unsustainable practices.
Recycling: Encourage recycling by providing tokenized reward track and evaluate efficacy of recycling programs
Energy: Increase efficiency with P2P electrical grids improve access to power in areas with poverty or natural disasters.
Enterprises Which are Implementing Block chain Technology
Apple: Patented block chain technology for time stamping data
Facebook: Exploring the use of block chain to enhance data security and users privacy.
Google: Exploring the use of block chain technology to enhance cloud services security and for data protection.
Baidu: Using block chain to enhance intellectual rights management.
Ford: Leveraging block chain technology to enhance the mobility of technologies.
Toyota: Planning to use block chain technology to enhance autonomous driving technology
British Airways: Implementing block chain to manage flight data as well as verifying travelers identity
AIA Group: Launched the first of it’s kind bancassurance for sharing policy data
United Health Care: Using block chain technology to improve doctors directories to enable accurate insurance claim fillings.
MetLife: Using block chain technology for storing patients medical records for insurance purposes.
Walmart: Using block chain technology to track product movement from farmers to stores.
Samsung: Intends to use block chain technology to enhance supply chain management when it comes to electronics shipments.
UPS : Block Chain powered logistics monitoring and management solution
Maersk: Block chain system for tracking movement of shipments between ports.
Nestle: Using block chain technology in supply management to track baby food products.
FeedEx: Working on block chain solution for setting customer disputes.
BHP Billiton: Leveraging block chain technology for supply chains management.
Prudential: Unveils a block chain powered trading platform for small and medium sized enterprises.
Tencent: A solution for verifying invoice authenticity and for ensuring tax compliance.
Alibaba: Using block chain technology to track luxury goods in it’s e-commerce platforms.
An attack or a hack through which the attacker users social skills via human interaction to obtain or compromise information about an organization or its computer systems is known as a social engineering attacks. Your data is at risk everyday through social engineering attacks because hacking a human is much easier than hacking a business.
What motivates social engineers?
Obtaining personal information.
Gaining unauthorized access.
Circumventing established procedures.
Because they can.
Personal Approach :- In personal approaches, the social engineering may directly ask for approach in general meeting or gathering and get personal or critical information directly or indirectly about you.
Telephone :- Request information usually through the imitation of a legitimate bank/company through system to get critical information such as bank/credit card data.
Online :- Internet connectivity enables attackers to approach individuals or employee an anonymous internet source and convince them to provide information through a believable user.
Ransomware a Nightmare for Businesses
Ransomware is an attack that installs covertly on a company’s computer, blocking or limiting user access and demanding a ransom payment to restore it. This is one of the fastest growing cyber threats and is expected to increase 400% every years.
The state of ransomware
25% of organizations had to cease business operations immediately because of ransomware.
81% of business have experienced a cyber attack.
66% have suffered a data breach
35% were victims of ransomware
72% of companies affected by ransomware that could not access data for at least 2 days following the attack.
32% that lost access to their data for
$10-$50 million estimated monthly income for cyber criminals from ransomware
Ways to Stop Social Engineering Attack
Walk through company and make sure employees are not leaving personal or sensitive information in plain view of passing people such as e-mail accounts, login information, passwords etc.
Use dummy accounts to monitor networks, and also use the admin account as a dummy as well and monitor who attempts to access it and trap them in the act.
Make a security policy that enforces that passwords must contain a certain combination of words,numbers and characters.
Never allow an employee to leave their terminal or desk without first logging out of their respected machine or workstation
Tips for Avoiding a Social Engineering Attack
Limit public information:- Limit the amount of personal information that you share online.
Be a skeptical:- Always question requests for sensitive information.
Trust but verify:- Don’t share information with people you don’t know unless you can verify their identity.
Call them back:- Through the main switchboard if possible.
No password over the phone:- Never share your password with anyone over the phone
Spot Fake E-mails and Stay Safe
In June 2015, famous company Ubiquiti networks Inc. willing wired $46.7 million to fake bank accounts in china. Why? Because the company CEO asked them to an email. Of course, the actual CEO never made any such request a group of hackers did.
Contact information:- The email contains a generic salutation or lacks any contact information for the recipient to use if they have questions.
Spelling and grammar errors:- The email contains clear spelling or grammatical errors or emails from legitimate companies are normally proof read extensively before sending.
Requests personal information:- The email requests that you follow a link to log in, or request personal information such as a credit card pin number or password.
High urgency or threats:- The email creates a high sense of urgency, or threatens consequences for inaction.
Fake web links:- The sender’s displayed name and email address do not match the purported company the email represents, or the links send the recipient to other websites not associated with the purported company
Notes : 80% of attacks are phishing
Social engineering exploits the goodwill of unwitting victims. Here’s how….
Website Spoofing:- Bogus websites masquerade as the real thing, tricking victims into sharing sensitive information.
Phishing :- Emails impersonate legitimate businesses to acquire information. This websites will request information through forms ad offer downloads containing malware.
Social Media Phishing :- In social media phishing is when attackers use social networking sites like Facebook, Twitter and Instagram instead of email to obtain your sensitive personal information or click on malicious links.
Baiting :- In baiting, the attacker dangles something enticing to move his victim to action. Physical media sources loaded with malware infect computers and steal information.
Impersonation :- Scammer impersonates a trusted sources online or in person to obtain valuable information
Poser :- Attackers poses as a vendor, client or employee and sends email from what links like a reputable source.
How to Spot a Phishing
Phishing is a technique used to fraudulently obtain usernames, passwords, credit card numbers and other sensitive information.
Fraudulent emails typically ask you to:
Open an attachment
Click on link, redirecting you to a malicious website.
You may be prompted to enter personal information.
Types of Phishing Attacks
Spear Phishing: A highly targeted form of phishing that hones in on a specific group of individuals or organization.
Whaling: A form of phishing, targeted at executive level individuals.
Cloning: Whereby a legitimate email is duplicated but, the content is replaced with malicious links or attachments.
Social networks are websites or apps that allow people to connect with friends and even make new fiends, virtually, and share content, interact, create communities of similar interests such as Working, games reading friendship relationships etc.
A social network has always existed, but the way in which it connects has changed dramatically .Some most popular social networks or social media apps are Facebook, Twitter, Yahoo, Blogger and LinkedIn.
If you’re not using SOCIAL to DRIVE TRAFFIC and therefore leads that convert to revenue, your brand is LOSING OUT.
Be a smart in social media can reduce many cyber bullying problems such as hacking, cracking, phishing etc. Do you know about meaning of SMART in social media?
S = Be safe –> Keep your personal information safe and secret. Think carefully before you share a photo of yourself or your friends.
M = Don’t Meet Up –> Never arrange to meet an online friend because it can be dangerous. No matter how well you think you know people, they might be pretending.
A = Accepting E-mails can be dangerous –> If you receive junk mail or spam messages that make you feel uncomfortable, tell an adult that you trust and delete them. Don’t replay to them.
R = Reliable?–> The Internet is full of friendly people and amazing information. However, sometimes people might say or write things which are untrue, so you should always think carefully before trusting what you see or hear.
T = Tell Someone! –> Most of the tie that you are online, you will have lots of fun. However , if you see anything that makes you feel uncomfortable or worried, make sure that you tell an adult that you trust.
Use passwords that are difficult to predict.
Avoid over-sharing information on social media.
Use secure modes of payment such as PayPal.
Security Issues of Today
The internet has allowed for mass communication among people, especially with comings of social media. With so many users online, we must learn to protect our self from threats, not everyone on the internet or every website is safe.
10 SOCIAL MEDIA POSTING RULES PARENTS SHOUKD TEACH THEIR KIDS
BE KIND : say nice things because you never know who will read what you say
BE SAFE : know who you are friending and talking to
BE SECURE : don’t share personal information with strangers
BE LEGAL : don’t download music or images that you didn’t pay for
BE PROTECTED : don’t share your passwords with anyone
BE ALERT : tell an adult when a friend is in trouble online
BE SMART : use positive words to build your online brand
BE RESPONSIBLE : don’t access sites and apps you should not access
BE CONSCIENTIOUS : be truthful, never lie or gossip
BE MODEST : don’t take or share inappropriate pictures on the internet
TIPS FOR YOUNG DIGITAL PARENTS
MODEL USE : When kids are around, set an example by using media the way you want them to use it.
START EARLY: Start when your kids are young by setting screen limits that work for your family’s needs.
MINIMIZE DISTRACTIONS: Hide your apps so they don’t display and shut down your devices during family time .
USE TOGETHER : Discuss media content with your kids. Be present and aware of what your child is doing online.
TURN OFF WORK: Set boundaries for work time and family time
They’re being distracted form other Important things and their friends:
57% :- of all teens agree that using social media often distracts them when they should be doing homework.
64% :- of teen social media users agree that it often distracts them when they should be paying attention to the people they’re with.
34% :- of teen smartphone owners say they’ve been woken up by their phones during the night by a call, text, or notification.
49% :- of teens agree that social media has taken away form time they could spend with friends in person.
What happens online stays online:
When asked to pick which comes closer to the truth, teens say.
54% – If parents knew what actually happens on social media, they’d be a lot more worried about it.
46% – parents worry too much about teen’s use of social media.
IMPACT OF MEDIA ON FAMILY TIME
12% –> More time together
28 % –> less time together
58%–> No difference
38% –> of children under 2 use a mobile device for media
17% –> of children use mobile devices on a daily basis
Just 28 minutes a day is spend reading or being Read to.
Among parents who own a mobile device
26% –> sometimes use media to keep themselves occupied while out playing with their children
31%–> sometimes let their child play with the device while out running errands
75% =Of all children have access to a mobile device in their home
63%= use a smartphone
40%= use a tablet
27%= use an iPod touch/similar
SOCIAL MEDIA PRESENCE
When we pass away, our digital footprint be comes our digital legacy. If you want to control how you’re remembered online, here are 4 tips for taking ownership of your social presence.
Assign a Digital Executor = Digital executors can close your social media accounts or keep them live.
Memorialize your Facebook Account = Facebook : prefers to convert profile into memorials. Walls remain active for friends to post condolences. Facebook : allows the family to download account contents with prior authorization or a court order.
Deactivate your accounts
Twitter : works with your estate to deactivate an account. They will not let anyone take over an account unless you get an exception.
LinkedIn : closes an account if a close family member makes the request.
Instagram : honors family requests to deactivate an account. An heir may keep the account live if the deceased provides them with a username and password .
Live on through social media end -of -life tools
Dead Social: Creates a series of goodbye videos, texts or photo messages on Facebook and twitter that are published at your digital executor’s request.
If I Die : Facebook application allows you to creates a single video or text message that is published after you pass. A single message is free $ 25 for five videos.
Cirrus legacy : An online service that allows you to securely store your usernames, passwords and instruction that are released to your digital executor upon death.
Social Media While Jobs Searching
Go ahead and ego-surf
Google your name to see if there is anything inappropriate or embarrassing coming up. Are the first results consistent with how you want to be perceived as a person?
Clean up your social media dirt
Look closely for anything that could harm your image -don’t just remove embarrassing photos, but look for any controversial comments or posts too.
Work on your digital brand
Create a neat, professional and interesting online image that will impress hiring managers and make them want to know more about the offline you.
See who can see what
Check your privacy settings and use the ‘view as’ option to see what people who are not connected with you can see. Then adjust accordingly.
Next time you post..
Edit privacy settings
Make sure the massage is not embarrassing or (highly) controversial
Check for any grammar errors and typos
Social Media and Body Images
Boys have issues with body image too.
Boys’ own body concerns and risky behaviors can go unnoticed , and their role in supporting healthy attitudes among girls is vital.
Pay attention to your son, too
Listen for negative body talk.
Look for dramatic weight loss or fain.
Check the messages from coaches, peers, and online forums about weight, exercise , and muscle-building.
Measurements of by toy male action figures exceed even that of the biggest bodybuilders.
Unrealistic, sexualized, and stereotypical images and messages about bodies and gender are rampant on the media your kid consumes.
Media is influential- If all your child sees are unrealistic body types she’ll come to believe they’re the ideal.
Immunize your child
Choose quality media with diverse characters.
Question assumptions about appearance
Challenge stereotypes about gender, body types, abilities.
Teens feel pressure to look good and cool online, but also fell social media helps their friendships and connections.
Kids live in constant feedback loop of criticism and connection that moves quickly and is difficult to escape.
Be a social media supporter
Help teens find supportive online communities.
Encourage social media breaks when online drama heats up.
Ask teens how online feedback makes them feel
41% of teen girls say they use social media to “ make themselves look cooler”.
According to some studies made by “the telegraph”, exposure to wireless waves interfere with the human body and can create problems such as: Short term memory loss, Lethargy, Cardiac problems, Sleep disturbance.
Wireless Internet routers or WiFi modems use dangerous electromagnetic radiation to send their signals to your computer through walls. If you have a wireless internet router set up in your home or office you are receiving massive EMF exposure, and living or working in a dangerous soup of radiation.
Not only atmospheric + ve charges, the wireless WiFi devices + cell phone radiation and the static electricity but also other pollutants.
Reduce your WiFi Radiation
We know that some people can’t quite bring themselves to surrender their wireless devices so here are some tips on reducing Wifi radiation.
Keep your distance : WiFi radiation drops off significantly with distance. many routers have a strong enough signal to maintain a connection up to 100m from the router.
Switch off at Night : Studies tell us that the biggest danger with WiFi radiation comes from nighttime exposures; cellular regeneration, rejuvenation, and detoxification is impeded and notably melatonin production can be significantly reduced.
Use USB Adaptors wisely: If you are use a USB WiFi adapter use it on a USB extension cable. The same goes if you use a 3G USB dongle to connect to the internet wile you are traveling, an extension cable will significantly reduce your exposure.
The dangers of WiFi are real. Use the above tips to eliminate or reduce your exposure to WiFi radiation.
10 Shocking facts about the Health Dangers of WiFi
Contributes to the Development of Insomnia
Damaging to childhood development
Affects cell growth
Derails brain function
Reduces brain activity in females
May Impact fertility
Linked to cancer?
Provokes cardiac stress
You can protect yourself limiting exposure and staying healthy
Creating WiFi Monetization
Grow WiFi Network : Deploy public, hoe and business WiFi network
Baseline : Create compelling ROI through baseline business models
New Revenues : Deliver new sources of revenue and expand value of the WiFi network
Value Added Services : Enhance the WiFi network with new sources of value
Employee Use of Public WiFi networks
Percent of organizations with employees who connect company owned devices to public WiFi when on the go
Yes –> 61%
No –> 24%
Don’t know –> 15%
Risk to Pregnant Women
There are radiation related risks throughout pregnancy which are related to the stage of pregnancy and absorbed dose and also radiation risks are most significant during organogenesis and in the early fetal period somewhat less in the 2nd trimester and least in the third trimester.
A pregnant woman and the fetus both are vulnerable a RF radiations pass placental barrier and continuously react with the developing embryo and increasing cells. Use of WiFi during pregnancy can lead to greater likelihood for behavioral problems in their children. It is believed that the eggs, which form the embryo can be affected and the damage will become apparent after the child reaches puberty.
Government who Against the use of Wireless networks in School..
The European Union is recommending tighter standards for wireless systems to protect children.
Frankfurt City Government and the Bavarian Parliament have recommended against the installation of WiFi in schools.
The Public Health Department of Salzburg has warned against the use of WiFi in Schools and nurseries.
French National Libraries has imposed a moratorium on WiFi networks in French libraries after staff reported ill effects
Teachers union voice has said wireless computer networks in schools may be jeopardizing children’s health and should be suspended pending a full safety inquiry.
The International Commission for Electromagnetic Safety has advised against the use of wireless networks because of health concerns.
The chairman of the health protection agency has expressed concern about the use of wireless networks in schools.
5G will provide services across a wide swath of disruptive technologies. Improvements in performance over LTE will be essential to the future use of many of these emerging application. Today more than half of executives at large mobile network operators believe there are no any compelling near- term business cases for 5G. 5G promises a step change in network performance for those operators that are ready to invest in it. 4G network do not enable the range of services that the future requires. 5G will be faster and more flexible. It’s change the way of Social Media.
2G –>1991 –> Analog to digital transition, introduced data services such as text messaging and more secure, GSM, EDGE, data up to 3Mbp/s
3G –> 2001 —> More spectrum allowed basic access to more than just voice and text services such as e-mail, UMTS/HSPA, data up to 2Mbp/s
2010 —> Merged cellular and IP technologies, LTE, data up to 50M p/s
5G —> 2020—> A fundamental shift in the way we construct and manage mobile network infrastructure. Enables mass connectivity of devices and applications, 1000 time faster than 4G network, Amazing Connectivity, Fibre like experience
Building the Foundation for 5G
5G is all about high-band spectrum, which Sprint has commercially deployed
2.5 GHZ spectrum is considered the low-band spectrum for 5G
Street furniture such as poles not towers
Signal from both side of wall
Network Function Virtualization
Software Defined Networking
5G Network Slicing
5G network slicing enables service poviders to build virtual end-to-end neworks tailored to application requirements.
Mobil broad band ——> Communation, Entertainment, Internet
Machine to machine –> Retail, Shipping, Manufacturimg
Cloning is the creation of an organism that is an exact genetic copy of another. This means that every single bit of DNA is the same between the both two! You might not believe, but there are human clones among us right now. They’re identical twins, created naturally not made in lab.
There are many types of cloning, some are given below:
Man is not God and shall not play God. Imagine yourself a clone and the only reason you have entered this world is to provide spare organs. What is the purpose of you life?
Purpose of cloning:
The production of babies for those such as infertile couples, single women, gays and couples whose children have died.
With cloning, doctors who perform plastic surgeries instead of using silicon and others materials which are foreign to the body, will be able to manufacture bone, fat and connective tissue that matches the patient’s tissue exactly
The goal of cloning is to take control of the reproductive process.
You are able to select the specific combination of genes to get what you want.
That’s appealing to people who breed animals
Plants are easy to clone- gardeners often take cutting to grow new plants which are clones
Cloning is an example of asexual reproduction where genetic information comes from just one parent
Potato plants reproduce vegetatively by growing tubers, from which the new plant will grow these are clones
Now we discuss more interesting topics:
SIM or Subscriber identification Module is
a smart card that is include in every cellphone of the GSM family of networks
How to Clone SIM Card?
Scan the SIM to extract IMSI and KI, the 128 bit key.
Now put the IMSI and Ki into some card software.
And then copy it into a new SIM card
We now have a cloned SIM
How is a Phone Cloned?
Capture the ESN/MIN pair or SIM/IMEI pair.
Clone the ESN/MIN pair using electronic scanning devices.
The cloner reprograms or alters the microchip of any wireless phone.
The ESN/MINs are transferred using a computer to a device.
These devices are connected to handsets.
New information is legitimate phone into the phone.
Thus a clone of the legitimate phone is thus obtained.
What is the purpose of cloning?
Making fraudulent phone calls
Getting owner messages.
Using internet on owners bill
Using phone to commit a crime.
Getting personal information of owner.
Listening owner calls.
To tease anybody etc.
Cloning Laws Around the World
No federal law banning cloning , but several states have passed their own laws to ban the practice. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has also said that anyone in the United States attempting human cloning must first get its permission.
In Japan Human cloning is a crime that is punishable by up 10 years in prison
UK has allowed cloning human embryos, but is working to pass legislation to stop total human cloning.
Cloning, Good or Bad
People can get an animal that looks the same as the pet they had
Scientists can clone organs and help people live longer
Scientists can also clone body parts such as ears to surgically attach to a person
Cloned animals are safe to eat
The offspring of cloned animals are often born deformed
It is against religious beliefs
Pets that are cloned often do not come out having the same personality and can look different
Why Cloning is Bad for Society
It will contradict the religious beliefs
It may build a new world of fraud and unethical practices